The Best Fitness Workouts for Different Body Types

Avatar for Ruby O By in fitness, health, high impact exercise, low impact exercise on 07/11/2022
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Many of us make new year resolutions to get fit, but most fall off the bandwagon before January’s even over! Often we give up because we don’t see the results we want as fast as we want. Sometimes this is because we aim too high, but other times it’s because we’re doing the wrong fitness workout for our body type. That’s why it’s so important to know the different sets of exercise for different body types so that we can achieve our goals. Regardless of whether you like it or not, some people are simply not suited for certain routines. From how much cardio should an ectomorph do, to the mesomorph and their gym workout, keep reading to learn all about the different exercise types and which of these workouts will best suits you!

Break a sweat with High Impact Exercises

Skipping rope Exercise

High impact exercises are an excellent way to get fit and also has a whole range of health benefits. Keeping fit and healthy can also improve balance and coordination as well as help to prevent obesity, diabetes and some cancers. High impact exercises involve more direct force on the body. Aside from running and contact sports – there are loads of ways to get your blood pumping:

While high impact exercise is a great way to get fit and burn those extra calories, it might not be the right approach for you. This is where getting advice from a personal trainer or exercise physiologist can be beneficial. For example, it may not be best for you to try high impact activities if you have preexisting joint pain or injuries. Similarly, if you are new to exercise, your PT may feel it’s better to ease you into working out.

The down-low on low impact exercises

Low impact exercise are less intense and place a lot less stress on the body. But that doesn’t mean that it offers less health benefits! Low impact exercise are the perfect workouts elderly as well as pre- and post-natal women. Low impact activities like swimming are also great for those who are injured, in pain or in a physical rehabilitation program.

Think of it like this: low impact exercises generally mean that one foot is always in contact with the ground (or water). Whether you’re walking or simply going for a bike ride, low impact is a great starting point for your fitness journey. Other low impact exercises include certain forms of yoga, pilates, climbing stairs, and using the elliptical trainer.

Another thing to keep in mind is that low impact can be high intensity. Impact is the force placed on your body, while intensity is the level of difficulty or focus. So you can ramp up your workout without running a marathon. You could simply power walk, dance, or do walking lunges with hand weights.

Which one is for me?

High & Low Impact Exercise

Low impacts are the perfect types of workouts for relieving stress and strengthening your core. On the other hand, high impact exercises promote weight loss and cardiovascular health. Typically, your Personal Trainer, or Physiotherapist will assess your body’s ability and your personal goals before determining what’s best for you. Often, you will find that your fitness plan includes a mixture of both.

Do bear in mind though, that you should proceed with caution if you tick one or all of the below mentioned conditions regardless of which fitness body type workouts you choose:

  • Haven’t exercised in a long time
  • Recovering from a long-term illness or injury
  • Are overweight or obese
  • Have medical issues that make it difficult to exercise

Exercise for body types should only be started once you have received the all clear from your doctor or a suitable medical professional. Always consult your doctor or an exercise psychologist if there is any doubt in your mind.

Know the Fitness Body Types

There are primarily three broad classifications of human body types. These body types are the result of your genetic makeup, which is why you cannot change the body type you are born with. However you can definitely alter your shape and physique by practicing the right fitness workouts for your body type.

You are likely to experience results with all types of workouts but if you follow the correct exercise for body types of your category you are likely to experience faster and better results in the long run.

The three different fitness body types are:


Ectomorph Body TypesIf you have an ectomorph body type, then you struggle to put on weight regardless of how much food you chow down. The primary fitness goals for an ectomorph is healthy weight gain through bulking up muscle mass and in reducing their amount of cardio. An ectomorph has the following body characteristics:

  • Elongated limbs
  • ‘Ruler shaped’ body
  • Tall with a slender neck
  • Narrow shoulders
  • Thin ankles and wrists
  • Low levels of body fat and poor muscle definition
  • Tapering hips

For an ectomorph cardio should be kept to a minimum. An ectomorph will use cardio exercises to improve their cardiovascular health and as a way to warm up and cool down during those strength building sessions. To help gain muscle mass and weight, do heavy weight training, focusing less on reps and more on the amount of weight being lifted. It is recommended that you do more isolated rather than compound exercises.


Mesomorph Body TypeThese individuals are the ‘middle ground’ when it comes to the different fitness body types and hence they can consider a mix of different exercises. You’re likely to be a mesomorph if you have more or less remained within an average weight range most of your life. Mesomorphs do not struggle with weight gain as much as ectomorphs but may be susceptible to weight gain as they age. The primary fitness goals for a mesomorph are maintaining healthy weight, building muscle mass and ensuring optimal health through a dedicated gym workout plan. The defining characteristics of mesomorphs are:

  • Wider shoulders
  • ‘Hourglass’ shape
  • Long but well defined legs
  • Low levels of body fat but average muscle definition
  • Narrow waist
  • Tapered ankles and wrists but not as much as ectomorphs

Mesomorphs may have varying fitness goals, ranging from losing weight to putting on some muscle. Regardless of the body type workouts you pick, plan your workout to maintain a balanced approach to ensure optimal health and wellbeing.

Balance can be established by mixing in cardio sessions (three sessions a week is recommended) with strength training for the rest of the week. The cardio sessions should be between 15-30 minutes long. This is long enough to ensure optimal cardiovascular health and burn excess fat. Weight training can be either in the form of high or low impact exercise for body types.


Endomorph Body TypeYou know you are an endomorph if you struggle the most with fitness and weight loss. Endomorphs have the advantage of being stronger and more muscular than the other two body types but the disadvantage of this is that weight gain is easier. This is why their primary fitness goal is usually weight loss. The typical bodily features of an endomorph are:

  • Wide hips extending out to shoulder width
  • Shorter but muscular limbs
  • ‘Apple’ or ‘pear’ shape
  • Prominent chest
  • Chubby face
  • High body fat levels
  • Thick ankles and wrists

The best types of workouts for endomorphs tend to be cardio, since those burn through a large number of calories in a short amount of time. However cardio should not be the sole form of exercise for body types.

While the frequency of cardio should be kept high, what is more important is the intensity of your workout. It should be grueling enough to push your heart rate up, which makes exercises like swimming and elliptical bikes one of the better options for endomorphs. When it comes to strength training, your aim should be to do compound exercises with lower weight and higher reps for maximum calorie burn.

Mix and Match!

As you try to figure out the right fitness exercise for body types, you may realize that you cannot clearly identify with only one of the body types. That is completely natural as most individuals tend to have characteristics from two out of the three types. If this is the case for you, the body type workouts for you will be a mix of the different types.

Workout is secondary, diet is primary!

While your specific diet depends on your body type, balanced meals and whole foods are important for every individual regardless of body type. Even if you are diligent about working out and have found the perfect body type workouts and exercise for body types you may not see results if your diet is bad.

Here are some diet tips for your body type:

Diet for ectomorphs

Ectomorphs have a high rate of metabolism and therefore will need to consume more calories when trying to put on weight and muscle mass. This does not mean making unhealthy food choices. It is still important to focus on healthy foods and choose healthy complex carbs and energy-dense foods.

Diet for mesomorphs

Mesomorphs tend to be of average build and so will require a healthy mix of complex carbs and good sources of protein. They are more susceptible to weight gain than ectomorphs so should keep their caloric consumption in check to stave off the excess fat.

Diet for endomorphs

Endomorphs have no trouble putting on weight and so their struggle is less about the food and more about how to eat. If you are an endomorph, you should aim to consume less calories. This means never waiting till you are very hungry to eat and never eating till you’re completely full. Foods high in fibre and low in energy-density are the best way to keep hunger pangs at bay for longer periods of time. Avoid all forms of sugar, junk food and alcohol.

Where to get Started on your Fitness Journey?

Regardless of your body type or what types of workouts will best suit you, you can only get so far by yourself. For those dedicated towards hitting your fittness goals, you’ll want to seek even more cultivated advice from professionals to help you along your way. If you need further help with your workouts, then you might want to see a personal trainer. Alternatively, if diet is the main concern, then you might want to see a nutritionist. Or maybe even both! No matter what you choose though, Avaana can help you get started. With Avaana you can discover and compare your local practitioners so you can find the best service for you. Book today and even recieve up to 20% off your first booking!

Be well, feel good, and smile a lot!

Avatar for Ruby O

Ruby O'Brien is a Melbourne-based blog writer for Avaana. She is currently completing a Bachelor of Media and Communications at Swinburne University, and has a keen interest for journalism. Ruby is also an avid health nut and is very passionate about holistic/natural health.

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