You may not associate meditation or mindfulness with kids, especially because you’re used to seeing them bouncing around all the time. You may not even think meditation is required at that young age. But reports suggest that one in seven Aussie children suffer from mental health concerns, including ADHD, depression, and anxiety. Mindfulness meditation for kids can be a great way to create a space in which your child can begin to understand and address these issues.
It has been found that over half of mental health issues are believed to begin before the age of 12. The importance of mindfulness for children is not lost on the Australian government as well. In 2019, the government allocated AUD 2.5 million as part of its budget towards a school-based mindfulness initiative known as Smiling Mind.
What is mindfulness for children?
Mindfulness and meditation might be used interchangeably but there are differences between the two. Meditation is a subset of mindfulness, which is an umbrella term for a number of mental health practices.
If one were to define mindfulness in general terms for the average individual, it is the practice of bringing awareness to the mind-body connection. It is easily understood by referring to it as “allowing oneself to be in the moment”. Mindfulness brings together meditation, breathing techniques and methods to cultivate awareness.
Kids may understand mindfulness more intuitively than adults, because it is something that is second nature to them. Younger children find it incredibly easy to be mindful of their surroundings because they are experiencing new ideas and sensations all the time. While older children may not retain the sense of wonder and novelty, they can still imbibe the techniques of meditation faster than adults.
Mindfulness meditation for kids teaches them to be present in the moment and process the difficulties they face in everyday life. These may stem from school, the world or from their own homes.
How long should mindfulness meditation for kids be practiced?
The length of a session of mindfulness for children depends on their individual preferences and adaptability. Paediatricians make the following recommendations:
- Preschool: Once a day for a few minutes
- Grade-school: Twice a day for a maximum of 10 minutes
- Teens and adults: Twice a day for a total duration of 5-45 minutes
What are some exercises or techniques for mindfulness meditation for kids?
All exercises, activities and techniques that help cultivate mindfulness for children share the common characteristics of being fun. It is imperative that any activity keeps children engaged and interested in mindfulness, but it should also be flexible enough to be easily incorporated into their daily lives.
The most common mindfulness practices for kids are:
- Gardening: Nurturing and growing plants allows children to be in touch with nature and themselves
- Listening walk: This involves going for a walk with your child and encouraging them to share their surroundings
- Mindful posing: It is far easier to be mindful and aware of the body than of the mind which is why mindful posing is so successful for improving awareness and building concentration.
- Photography: Seeing the world through the lens of a camera allows children to literally have a different view of the world
- Five senses exercise: This is one of the most effective and easy to practice exercises. Get your child to bring their attention to one sensation by incorporating all five senses.
- Drawing and coloring: Creation of any kind allows children to remain in the moment by bringing heightened attention to details
- Music: Listening to music or playing an instrument is useful to garner focus and attention
What are the benefits of mindfulness meditation for kids?
Kids are easily stimulated and usually very active. This is where mindfulness meditation can prove to be useful. It allows children to relax their restless minds and thereby calm their bodies. It creates a framework for them in which they learn how to regulate their emotions and behaviour while improving communication. In the long run, this helps them understand and deal with the complex feelings that are an integral part of the human experience.
Here are some benefits that a regular mindfulness meditation for kids can offer:
- Enhanced capacity to regulate emotions
- Reduced levels of stress and anxiety
- Higher levels of attention and focus leading to improved cognition
- Improved behaviour in social situations
- Improved resilience to the challenges of life
- Higher levels of emotional intelligence
One of the biggest benefits of a mindfulness routine for kids is that it helps them settle down and prepare for sleep. With some practice, an easy guided sleep meditation can make bedtime easier for everyone.
Are there resources or guides for mindfulness meditation for kids?
There are a number of resources that help to cultivate mindfulness for children:
Talk to a professional
If you think your child needs counselling, you should consult a child psychologists or mental health expert who works with children. Therapies which have their basis in mindfulness are a staple among current mental health professionals that cater to children across Australia. Child psychologists and other mental health therapists are experienced and qualified in mindfulness meditation for kids and will be able to teach them to achieve a positive state of mind.
Mentioned earlier, this program conducted by the government might arguably be the best resource for mindfulness meditation for kids. Available online and as a mobile application, it has been put together by a team of psychologists and educators. In it you can find guided sessions for mindfulness for children of all age groups and socio-economic backgrounds.
If you would like to find a counsellor, Avaana can help you.