Osteopathy relieves pain by correcting structural and postural imbalances in the musculoskeletal system (nerves, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and bones). The study of biomechanics (the mechanics of musculoskeletal activity) is central to osteopathy. Practitioners believe that the body has an innate ability to heal and regulate itself. This ability is optimised when the skeleton, joints, muscles, nerves, circulation, connective tissue, and internal organs function as a unit.
According to osteopathic medicine, poor posture, injury, or negative lifestyle patterns can compromise the anatomical structure of the musculoskeletal system which leads to poor health. Osteopaths aim to treat the underlying cause of pain and disease through manual readjustments, myofascial release, and other physical manipulations of muscle tissue and bones.